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Recently, we came across some stock ideas like Kilpest India which provide Molecular diagnostics kits.
Diagnostic labs, hospitals, etc are the customers of such companies.
We tried to find out more about the kits industry and also came to understand a bit about RT-PCR test.
Hope you find the details useful for your own investments or to add the stock to your watch list:
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Diagnostic kits industry
- What is Diagnosis? It's the process of determining the nature of disease or disorder and distinguishing it from other possible conditions. Around 70% of the medical decisions related to disease diagnosis, management, and prevention are based on diagnostics.
- What is Molecular Diagnostics?
- It is referred to as the detection of genomic variants, aiming to facilitate detection, diagnosis, sub-classification, prognosis, and monitoring response to the therapy
- It helps in expand scientific knowledge of natural history of diseases
- It helps identify individuals who are at risk of acquiring specific diseases
- It helps in diagnosing infectious and other human diseases at the molecular level
- Molecular Diagnostic Techniques:
- Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
- Real-Time qPCR
- In Situ Hybridization (ISH or FISH)
- DNA Chips and Microarrays
- Mass spectrometry (MS)
- Sanger Sequencing (CE)
- Next Generation Sequencing (NGS)
- Over the last 2 years, a term we came across often was RT PCR. Invention of PCR (polymerase chain reaction) has led to an enormous breakthrough in clinical DNA testing
- PCR-based techniques require relatively simple instrumentation and infrastructure, utilize only minute amounts of biological material and are highly compatible with clinical routine
- PCR tests are a fast, highly accurate way to diagnose certain infectious diseases and genetic changes
- The tests work by finding the DNA or RNA of a pathogen (disease-causing organism) or abnormal cells in a sample
- DNA is genetic material that contains instructions and information for all living things
- RNA is another type of genetic material. It contains information that has been copied from DNA and is involved in making proteins
- Most viruses and other pathogens contain DNA or RNA
- Other tests may miss early signs of disease because there aren't enough viruses, bacteria, or other pathogens in sample, or the body hasn't had enough time to develop an antibody response
- PCR tests can detect disease when there is only a very small amount of pathogens
- During a PCR test, a small amount of genetic material in a sample is copied multiple times
- Copying process is known as amplification
- If there are pathogens in the sample, amplification will make them much easier to see
- Certain viruses, including COVID-19, are made up of RNA rather than DNA. For these viruses, the RNA must be changed into DNA before copying. This process is called reverse transcription PCR (rtPCR)
- Indian Molecular Diagnostics market:
- It stood at an estimated USD 920 million in FY 2020 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of around 10% until FY 2026
- Market - By product and services: Reagents & Kits, Instruments, Software & Services
- Before pandemic, RT-PCR was considered a niche technology; COVID-19 challenged the diagnostics industry to rapidly build their capabilities to a point where we have over 3000+ testing laboratories in India that perform molecular testing
- With RT PCR, viral amplification, and genome sequencing becoming mainstream, the field of molecular diagnosis is set to be revolutionized
- In addition, Govt. grants for developing novel products are also fueling the adoption of advanced technologies
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Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to buy/sell Kilpest India. These notes are related to industry and Kilpest is one of the several manufacturers of such diagnostic kits.
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